Identifies the key concepts - legal, operational and practical - a procedure that provides for the seizure and forfeiture of of stolen assets without the need for a criminal conviction.
The international community is well placed to make significant progress in asset recovery. National authorities have made some progress in developing the institutional and legal structures foreseen under the United Nations Convention against Corruption.
Developing countries lose between $20 billion and $40 billion each year to bribery, embezzlement, and other corrupt practices. Over the past 15 years only $5 billion has been recovered and returned. A new handbook seeks to help close this gap. The Asset Recovery Handbook, produced by the Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative (StAR) of the World Bank Group and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), provides practitioners with a how-to guide for recovering stolen assets.
Barriers to Asset Recovery, released on June 21, 2011 by the World Bank Group and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime’s (UNODC) Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative (StAR), advises policy makers on reforms that will enable the recovery of stolen assets. Drawing on consultations with over 50 practitioners around the globe, the study identifies challenges to asset recovery, and recommends eight strategic actions and best practices for policy makers, legislators and practitioners. It is a powerful tool that will help policy makers design a comprehensive strategy for recovering the proceeds of corruption in their countries.
StAR and the OECD have measured the progress of 30 donor countries in meeting their Accra commitments to the combat corruption by individuals or corporations, and to track, freeze, and recover stolen assets. The report describes challenges in meeting the commitments, as well as good practices and recommendations for countries of origin and destination of stolen assets.
This new StAR report examines how bribes, embezzled state assets and other criminal proceeds are being hidden via legal structures – shell companies, foundations, trusts and others. The study also provides policy makers with practical recommendations on how to step up ongoing international efforts to uncover flows of criminal funds and prevent criminals from misusing shell companies and other legal entities.
The new StAR and OECD study shows that financial gains from bribery can be accurately calculated and confiscated. The study draws on cases from six countries to show several methods of quantification that are already in use, and challenges the commonly-held perception that calculating the gains made by bribe-paying companies is too complicated.
The first global study of financial disclosure laws and practices calls for a renewed commitment to income and asset disclosure to deter the use of public office for private gain, and to help manage actual and apparent conflicts of interest in the public sector. The study also shows that asset disclosure systems are more effective when there is a credible threat that violations will be detected and punished.
Combines policy recommendations and good practices aimed at making it harder for corrupt Politically Exposed Persons (PEPs) to launder their money, and make it easier to get stolen assets back.