Archer Daniels Midland Company
Archer Daniels Midland Company
United States
Securities and Exchange Commission
Legal Person
Permanent Injunction
Disgorgement of Profit, Prejudgment Interest
Art. 1, Art. 2, Art. 8
Falsification of books and records; Internal controls violations
No admission or denial of alleged offenses
No (VAT Fraud)
According to the US Securities and Exchange Commission Press Release, the agency "today charged global food processor Archer-Daniels-Midland Company (ADM) for failing to prevent illicit payments made by foreign subsidiaries to Ukrainian government officials in violation of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA). An SEC investigation found that ADM’s subsidiaries in Germany and Ukraine paid $21 million in bribes through intermediaries to secure the release of value-added tax (VAT) refunds. The payments were then concealed by improperly recording the transactions in accounting records as insurance premiums and other purported business expenses. ADM had insufficient anti-bribery compliance controls and made approximately $33 million in illegal profits as a result of the bribery by its subsidiaries. [ ] According to the SEC’s complaint filed in U.S. District Court for the Central District of Illinois, the bribery occurred from 2002 to 2008. Ukraine imposed a 20 percent VAT on goods purchased in its country. If the goods were exported, the exporter could apply for a refund of the VAT already paid to the government on those goods. However, at times the Ukrainian government delayed paying VAT refunds it owed or did not make any refund payments at all. On these occasions, the outstanding amount of VAT refunds owed to ADM’s Ukraine affiliate reached as high as $46 million. The SEC alleges that in order to obtain the VAT refunds that the Ukraine government was withholding, ADM’s subsidiaries in Germany and Ukraine devised several schemes to bribe Ukraine government officials to release the money. The bribes paid were generally 18 to 20 percent of the corresponding VAT refunds. For example, the subsidiaries artificially inflated commodities contracts with a Ukrainian shipping company to provide bribe payments to government officials. In another scheme, the subsidiaries created phony insurance contracts with an insurance company that included false premiums passed on to Ukraine government officials. The misconduct went unchecked by ADM for several years because of its deficient and decentralized system of FCPA oversight over subsidiaries in Germany and Ukraine." (Source: US Securities and Exchange Commission, "SEC Charges Archer-Daniels-Midland Company With FCPA Violations," December 20, 2013.)